Trinity/ Triune-ness of God - Part
By Rev. Allan Moorhead
Hebrew Bible/Old Testament
Theophanies of God
We spoke a little about the theophanies of God in the last section. Basically, the theophany of God is that part of God who is manifested in human form. Quite often he is referred to as the Son of God, Son of Man, Melchizedek, and the Angel of the LORD. The word 'angel' when speaking of the 'Angel of the LORD' is a poor translation of the word and is quite often misunderstood. The word 'angel' is better translated as 'messenger' so as not to confuse the Angel of the LORD to a created angel. As we go through these Theophanies, hopefully one will begin to realize that the Theophanies were one and the same manifestation of God in human form that eventually manifests itself in a fully human and divine person known as Yeshua. By the time all of the Trinity lessons are complete, hopefully, you will see that Yeshua is the Son of God, is the Son of Man, is Melchizedek, and was the Angel of the LORD.
John 1: 18 tells us that no man has seen God:
No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.
In Exodus 33:20, the LORD, after Moses requested to see him, said:
And he said, Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live.
It is clear here that no man can see the LORD and live. However, we have many accounts in the Bible where man did see God, talked with him, and even touched him. So how do we explain this apparent contradiction? We will discuss this at length but basically this is the explanation. No man has seen the father in the flesh, but many have seen the Messenger of the LORD. This 'messenger is one of God personalities which is in human appearance in order to converse with man face to face. This same Messenger is also known as the Son of God, and Son of Man, as well as all the other attributes given to God.
The only man who was living in the flesh that got a close look at the Father God was Moses. In Exodus 33:22-23 we see this:
And it shall come to pass, while my glory passeth by, that I will put thee in a clift of the rock, and will cover thee with my hand while I pass by: And I will take away mine hand, and thou shalt see my back parts: but my face shall not be seen.
Moses was not allowed to see God the Father face to face (presence or person) but God allowed him to see his back parts. More than likely the term 'back parts' is referring to the aftermath of God's glory. Some of the other Hebrew definitions of 'back parts' is also hereafter, hinder parts, and afterwards. It is doubtful that Moses looked around the cave entrance to look at God's backside, but he saw the incredible afterglow of the LORD.
Then said I, Woe is me! for I am undone; because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips: for mine eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts.
Isaiah saw the LORD sitting on his throne in his glory. Isaiah thought he was going to die for he saw the LORD (Yahweh). If no man can see the LORD and live, who was this? Some non-Trinitarians suggest that Isaiah only had a vision so the 'see and die' rule did not apply here. The scripture does not mention that he was dreaming or had a vision. Especially, since an angel came and put a piece of coal in Isaiah's mouth. This person can only be one of the Theophanies of God.
And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden.
Adam and Eve hid from God when they heard his voice when he was walking in the garden. Here we see God walking in the garden. Humans and animals walk. This most likely was the theophany of God walking in the garden. Remember that God the Father is a spirit:
God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth (John 4:24).
This can get interesting. In the Old Covenant God manifested himself in three persons as the Father God, Messenger of the LORD, and the Spirit. In the New Covenant God reveals himself in three persons in the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Since there is no evidence of a fourth personality of God, one has to assume that the Messenger of the LORD who took on a human form but not fully human is the one who is now Yeshua in fully human form. When Yeshua made the statement above he was referring to God the Father because the Messenger no longer existed as we saw him in the Old Covenant but now in the fully human form of Yeshua. Yeshua is fully human and fully God. Think about it for a moment. Nobody since the last Covenant has seen the Messenger of the LORD but people have seen resurrected Yeshua like Paul.
We talked about Abraham meeting the LORD (Yahweh) earlier. Remember no one can see God and live. Who was this that appeared to Abraham? Abraham spoke to him as a man. Abraham fed him and gave him water. Abraham knew it was God because he conversed with him to try and save Sodom and Gomorrah from destruction. Abraham did not doubt that this person had the power to destroy.
This person was called Yahweh and was the theophany of God. It can be argued that Yahweh and the two others with him appeared suddenly and hovered near Abraham, which cause Abraham to lift his eyes.
Jacob wrestled with a man. This man eventually dislocated Jacob's hip with a touch. This man said that Jacob's name will now be Israel and he blessed him. What did Jacob surmise from this?
And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved (verse 30).
The word Peniel means "facing God". Jacob realized that he had wrestled with God and lived to tell about it. This was not God the Father. This again was the Messenger of God. This was not some angel. To look at an angel did not mean death. This in fact was God in the messenger human form of God.
Besides God later tells Jacob that it was God that appeared to him:
And God said unto Jacob, Arise, go up to Bethel, and dwell there: and make there an altar unto God, that appeared unto thee when thou fleddest from the face of Esau thy brother (Genesis 35:1).
Besides 'seeing' God, one of the things the theophany of God reveals is the human anatomy. In Exodus 24:10, Moses and Elders saw the 'feet' of God. In Isaiah 6:1, Isaiah saw the LORD 'sitting'. In Isaiah 40:10-11, there are several statements that indicate human-like activity. Isaiah say, the LORD will shepherd; he has a strong hand; his arms will rule; and he will carry the lambs in his bosom.
Ezekiel chapter one tells us that Ezekiel saw visions of the LORD. In verse 21 he said that the appearance of God was like the appearance of man.
It should be emphasized that although the Theophany of God has an appearance and form of a man, it is not a man but it is God who has chosen to show himself in this way in order to communicate with mankind. The Theophany of God is fully God. This person of God is not to be identified with the Mormon concept of God. The Mormons believe that God is an exalted man and that they too can become a god and have their own universe to rule over.
Son of Man
Daniel 7:13-14 provides some interesting details:
I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.
Here we have Daniel seeing a vision of the last days. In this vision he sees one he identifies as the Son of Man. This Son of Man is no doubt Yeshua. Yeshua receives his kingdom by the Ancient of Days (God the Father). All mankind will be required to worship the Son of Man and his kingdom for forever. Yeshua while he was on the earth was called the Son of Man.
Let's take a look at this Son of Man:
Job 25:6 says, "How much less man, that is a worm? and the son of man, which is a worm?"
In many cases the term Son of man refers to an individual that is human. God addressed Ezekiel as Son of man. However, there are scriptures that identify another person who is known as the Son of Man like in Daniel 7 and in Job 25:6.
In Job 25:6 we see that he refers to man as a worm. That is that our righteousness compared to God is like a worm. Next he says that the son of man is a worm. We have two different 'worms' here. The first worm (rimmah) means just a worm or maggot. The second worm (towla) is more explicit in its definitions. 'Towla' means scarlet or crimson, and also means a scarlet worm. Read the definition:
When the female of the scarlet worm species was ready to give birth to her young, she would attach her body to the trunk of a tree, fixing herself so firmly and permanently that she would never leave again. The eggs deposited beneath her body were thus protected until the larvae were hatched and able to enter their own life cycle. As the mother died, the crimson fluid stained her body and the surrounding wood. From the dead bodies of such female scarlet worms, the commercial scarlet dyes of antiquity were extracted. What a picture this gives of Christ, dying on the tree, shedding his precious blood that he might "bring many sons unto glory" ("#Heb 2:10")! He died for us, that we might live through him! "#Ps 22:6" describes such a worm and gives us this picture of Christ. (cf. "#Isa 1:18") (from page 73, "Biblical Basis for Modern Science", 1985, Baker Book House, by Henry Morris)
By looking at this definition, we see a divine purpose of this Son of Man, the cross.
Job 35:8 says, "Thy wickedness [may hurt] a man as thou [art]; and thy righteousness [may profit] the son of man.
Although many other Bible translations come close to saying this, I think it best if you would remove the brackets, which are not part of the original. The scripture could now be translated as, "Wickedness comes from a man like your are, but righteousness comes from the son of man."
We know this as a fact that our righteousness comes from the son of man, Yeshua.
Psalms 8:4-5: What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest (appoint, seek, observe, attend to) him? For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels (Elohim), and hast crowned him with glory and honour.
This Psalms is interesting. Son of man is mentioned here and many readers just assume that the writer was just being poetic and son of man is just another way of saying mankind. But I don't believe he repeats himself here. I believe that the son of man is someone different. The writer is talking to Yahweh. He is asking the question of why do you care about mankind. Then he asks the same question of the son of man. In this case the word 'visitest' can mean appoint, seek, attend to, or observe. And the word 'angels' is the word 'Elohim' or God himself. For some reason the translators chose to use angels instead of Elohim. You could now look at this scripture as saying, "What is man that you care for him, and the son of man that you attend to and made him a little lower than Elohim and crowned him with glory and honour." Young's Bible translation of this scripture says,
Psa 8:5 And causest him to lack a little of Godhead, And with honour and majesty compassest him.
The book of Hebrews (Hebrews 2:6-9) bears this out when the writer quotes this Psalms and then refers to the son of man as Yeshua. Yeshua was made a little lower than Elohim only in the sense that Yeshua was fully human and fully God, and Elohim was fully Spirit and God. Yeshua had some limitations when he became fully human. He felt the emotions of a man. He felt pain; He felt the separation of God the Father from him when he bore our sins. So in this fact, he indeed was a little lower that Elohim.
Psalm 80:17: Let thy hand be upon the man of thy right hand, upon the son of man [whom] thou madest strong for thyself.
I believe that only one person is spoken of here. It is the son of man who sits at the right hand of the Father. It is none other than Yeshua. All power has been given to him.
The one who comes to judge in the last days looks like the son of man: And I looked, and behold a white cloud, and upon the cloud [one] sat like unto the Son of man, having on his head a golden crown, and in his hand a sharp sickle (Revelation 14:14).
In the apocrypha book of Enoch, there is a person mentioned many times as sitting at the right hand of the Ancient of Days. This person is always referred to as one who looks like the Son of man.
You may be wondering who or what is this son of man. The son of man is that part of the Godhead who is also the theophany of God. The Hebrews understood that the theophany of God looks like a man. He has arms, legs, and all the features of a man, but he was God.
The messenger of God and the son of man are the same. The son of man eventually became fully human in Yeshua. Again as a reminder, not all scripture that refers to the son of man is referring to God. Sometimes it just refers to mankind.
The Angel of the LORD
When talking about the Angel of the LORD, we must remember some points:
1. Angel is better translated as "Messenger" so as not to confuse the Angel of the LORD as a created being.
2. Not all references in the Bible to the Angel of the LORD are references to the Theophany of God. There are many other references to the angel of the LORD that are clearly not a theophany. As a matter of fact in the New Covenant, we see that one of the angels of the Lord is called Gabriel. This is much like the idea that not all references to the son of man is a theophany of God. Each scripture has to be carefully weighed. The following scriptures are the ones in which there seems to be a clear reference to God as a theophany.
After Hagar became pregnant by Abraham, Sarai made life hard for Hagar so Hagar left Abraham's camp and went into the wilderness. There the Messenger of the LORD came to Hagar. The Messenger told her to go back and that he will multiple her seed exceedingly. This is not something a created angel will claim. A created angel will not say 'I will do this'. In verse 13 Hagar calls the messenger Yahweh.
Here Hagar was told to leave Abraham's camp with Ishmael. She thought that her and her son were going to die in the wilderness. However, the Messenger of the LORD appeared to her from the sky. The Messenger told Hagar that he would make him (Ishmael) a great nation. Again no created angel will have the authority to make out of anyone a great nation. In verse 18, God (Elohim) opened her eyes so she could see the water provided for them to drink. The Messenger appeared from the sky over Hagar, took the authority that only God would do and then the scripture implies that the Messenger (Elohim) opened her eyes.
Elohim told Abraham to go to a place to sacrifice Isaac. Later in answering Isaac's question, Abraham told him "Elohim will provide himself a lamb" (Genesis 22:8). The Hebrew word for 'provide' is ra'ah. It also means 'see', 'look', 'shew', 'present oneself', 'behold' and 'appear'. As a matter of fact, to translate this word as 'provide' would be one of the far lesser uses of the word in the Bible. But even with the word 'provide', this statement can easily mean that Elohim will become a lamb. This we know occurred when Yeshua came to provide sacrifice for all. When God stopped Abraham from sacrificing Isaac, God provided a ram for a sacrifice and not a lamb, which even adds more credence of the prophetic evidence that God will provide himself as a lamb later.
And the angel of the LORD called unto him out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham: and he said, Here am I. And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me.
The Messenger of Yahweh called to Abraham from the sky and prevented the sacrifice of Isaac. This Messenger tells Abraham that he know now that Abraham fears Elohim. Then he says that Abraham did not withhold his son from him which was the Messenger. The interesting thing here is that the Messenger refers to himself as Elohim. God would never allow Abraham to sacrifice to a created angel.
After the LORD prevented Abraham from offering his son Isaac, the Messenger of the LORD appeared again to Abraham from the sky.
And the angel of the LORD called unto Abraham out of heaven the second time, And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only son:
The Messenger then swears by himself and calls himself Yahweh.
These last two examples show that the Messenger is both Yahweh and Elohim.
Israel (Jacob) was blessing his children and when he got to Joseph, he said this:
And he blessed Joseph, and said, God, before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac did walk, the God which fed me all my life long unto this day, the Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let my name be named on them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.
Israel give credit to Elohim saying that Elohim has fed him his whole life and then he refers to Elohim as the angel (Messenger) which redeemed him from all evil. Even though it hasn't happened yet, Israel seems to know that the Messenger will some day be his salvation. And yet he speaks of it like it has already happened. Israel is speaking with faith. Perhaps Israel had the same faith as Abraham when Yeshua said, Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad (John 8:56).
Abraham knew that God was going to provide himself as a lamb for salvation, so most likely Israel knew it also when he said the angel redeemed him from all evil.
And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed. And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt. And when the LORD (Yahweh) saw that he turned aside to see, God (Elohim) called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses. And he said, Here am I. And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground. Moreover he said, I am the God (Elohim) of thy father, the God (Elohim) of Abraham, the God (Elohim) of Isaac, and the God (Elohim) of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God (Elohim).
Here we have the Messenger of the LORD (Yahweh) appearing to Moses in a fiery bush that does not burn. Moses goes to look and God (Elohim) speaks to him from the bush. Right away we see that the Messenger is called Elohim. This Messenger also describes himself as the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Moses was looking right at the Messenger and when he found out that it was God, he hid his face and was afraid to look at God. Moses did not die because he was looking at the Messenger and not God the Father.
In verse 7 the Messenger identifies himself also as Yahweh. And the LORD (Yahweh) said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows;
Yahweh and Elohim are one and the same. The Messenger is God.
And the LORD came down in the pillar of the cloud, and stood in the door of the tabernacle, and called Aaron and Miriam: and they both came forth. And he said, Hear now my words: If there be a prophet among you, I the LORD will make myself known unto him in a vision, and will speak unto him in a dream. My servant Moses is not so, who is faithful in all mine house. With him will I speak mouth to mouth, even apparently, and not in dark speeches; and the similitude of the LORD shall he behold: wherefore then were ye not afraid to speak against my servant Moses? And the anger of the LORD was kindled against them; and he departed.
Aaron and Miriam were complaining about Moses marrying an Ethiopian woman. They also criticized Moses and lifted themselves up saying that God speaks to them also, so as to indicate that Moses isn't the only one who was called or in charge. This rebellion caused God to come down in anger. Yahweh came down in the pillar of the cloud and stood in the door of the tabernacle. This, no doubt, is the Messenger of the LORD due to the fact that Yahweh stood like a man before Aaron and Miriam and called them and talked with them. Notice that Yahweh says that Moses will see the similitude of the LORD. That is, he will see the form and image of God. This form and image of God is the Messenger of the LORD. Remember what Yeshua said, "he that hath seen me hath seen the Father" (John 14:9).
Behold, I send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared. Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not; for he will not pardon your transgressions: for my name [is] in him. But if thou shalt indeed obey his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries. For mine Angel shall go before thee, and bring thee in unto the Amorites, and the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Canaanites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites: and I will cut them off. Thou shalt not bow down to their gods, nor serve them, nor do after their works: but thou shalt utterly overthrow them, and quite break down their images. And ye shall serve the LORD your God, and he shall bless thy bread, and thy water; and I will take sickness away from the midst of thee.
God had called Moses to the Mountain of God. In his instructions, he warned that it is holy and anyone who come up, and touched even the borders of it, will kindle the anger of the LORD. It was never mentioned that Moses saw God. God will present himself to the people in a cloud, so no one came close to or saw God. This is God the Father. Moses received the commandments from God the Father. Afterwards, God told Moses that he would send his Messenger before them. This Messenger was to lead them and guide them to the promise land. They are required to beware of him. That is, to keep and give heed to him. They are required to obey his voice and not to make him angry or bitter toward them. This Messenger has the ability to forgive sins, although the LORD says the Messenger will not pardon them if they provoke him. God also says that his name is in this Messenger. God is relating himself to this Messenger. If the people obeyed the Messenger's voice and do all that God has spoken, then God will protect them. The LORD then says something interesting. He says that if they will serve the LORD their God, he will bless them. Who is 'he'? The LORD is speaking. The Messenger will bless. Here the LORD seems to call the Messenger their LORD and God.
Balaam came face to face with the Messenger of the LORD. Most of you know the story of how the donkey refused to go any further because of the Messenger standing in the way with a sword. Balaam beat the donkey three times before the LORD opened the mouth of the donkey. Then Balaam himself saw the Messenger and bowed down before it. God would not allow a human to bow before a created angel. The Messenger told Balaam that he was to speak only the words that he gave him to the King Balak. Later Balaam told the king that he can only speak the words that Elohim put in his mouth. These words show that Balaam recognized that the Messenger is God.
Later it was said of Balaam "He hath said, which heard the words of God, which saw the vision of the Almighty, falling [into a trance], but having his eyes open" (Numbers 24:4).
The above scripture indicates that Balaam saw the Almighty when he saw the Messenger. The word 'falling' means to fall down or lie prostrate. For some reason the translators added 'into a trance'. There was no trance involved. Balaam is saying that he fell down prostrate with his eyes physically open. The Messenger is the image of God so it could be considered a vision.
And an angel of the LORD came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said, I made you to go up out of Egypt, and have brought you unto the land which I sware unto your fathers; and I said, I will never break my covenant with you.
Here the Messenger of the LORD said that it was he who brought them out of Egypt and brought them into the Promised Land. The Messenger also said that he would never break his covenant. Only God can make such claims. It was Yahweh thy Elohim who claimed to bring the people out of Egypt.
I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage (Exodus 20:2). Again, the Messenger makes himself equal with Yahweh Elohim.
It is interesting to note that some Jewish commentators when writing on Judges 2:1 will add the words, "Thus says Yahweh" instead of giving credit to the Messenger. (See the Targums of Jonathan. Reference 'The Trinity' by Robert Morey, page 157).
And there came an angel of the LORD, and sat under an oak which was in Ophrah, that pertained unto Joash the Abiezrite: and his son Gideon threshed wheat by the winepress, to hide it from the Midianites. And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him, and said unto him, The LORD is with thee, thou mighty man of valour.
Here, Gideon is threshing wheat when the Messenger of the LORD came and sat under an oak tree. The Messenger was watching Gideon and said "the LORD is with thee mighty man". Gideon goes on to tell the Messenger that things are not well in Israel and how the LORD has forsaken them. Gideon did not know to whom he was talking. As far as he was concern, it was just a man. Later Gideon offered a sacrifice to the Messenger (6:21) and it was consumed by fire with a touch of a staff. Now Gideon realizes that it is God and the Messenger lets him know that he won't die (6:22).
There was a husband and wife who had no children. The wife was barren. The angel of the LORD came to her and told her that she would give birth to a son. She quickly ran and told her husband.
Then the woman came and told her husband, saying, A man of God came unto me, and his countenance was like the countenance of an angel of God, very terrible: but I asked him not whence he was, neither told he me his name(13:6).
Later the Messenger appeared again to the woman as she worked in the field. She still thought it was just a man although maybe more. Later her husband Manoah offered a sacrifice to the Messenger and it was consumed by fire. It was at this point like Gideon that the husband and wife knew it was God.
And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God. But his wife said unto him, If the LORD were pleased to kill us, he would not have received a burnt offering and a meat offering at our hands, neither would he have shewed us all these things, nor would as at this time have told us such things as these (13:22-23).
These parents of Samson saw the Theophany of God known as the Messenger of the LORD. He was in human form although not human.
Psalms 110 speaks of someone who appears to be the Messiah since it talks of judging the heathen and kings. In verse one David is saying: [[A Psalm of David.]] The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool. This scripture tells us that Yahweh is saying to David's Lord to sit at his right hand. Who is David's Lord? In verse 4 it says: The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek. David's Lord is a priest after the order of Melchizedek.
Who is Melchizidek? In Genesis chapter 14, Abraham meets Melchizidek after freeing Lot his nephew from the enemy's hand. And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God. And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all (vs 18-20).
Abraham came to Melchizidek, partook of bread and wine and was blessed by this priest. Abraham then gave him tithes from his victory. God gave the victory so Abraham gave God his due.
The book of Hebrews gives us more information concerning this priest. Yeshua is labeled as our high priest who goes to God for us. So also Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee. As he saith also in another place, Thou [art] a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec. Called of God an high priest after the order of Melchisedec (Hebrews 5:5-6,10).
So we learn that Yeshua is our high priest after the order of Melchizidek. This also tells us that in Psalm 110 that David's Lord is Yeshua. As far as anyone knows there isn't anyone else who has been called a high priest after the order of Melchizidek except for a few cults over the years. Some argue that David wasn't speaking in Psalm 110 and it was about David himself. They go so far to say that none of the Psalms of David were written by him but to him. Even Peter quotes and acknowledges that at least two the Psalms of David were written by David (see Acts 1:16). David, in fact, wrote most, if not all, Psalms that were attributed to him. This is just another attempt by non-Trinitarians to dismiss scripture or to twist scripture so that they don't have to face the divinity of Yeshua.
In Hebrews chapter 7, we have more information concerning Melchizidek.
Hbr 7:1 For this Melchisedek, king of Salem, priest of God Most High, who did meet Abraham turning back from the smiting of the kings, and did bless him,
Hbr 7:2 to whom also a tenth of all did Abraham divide, (first, indeed, being interpreted, `King of righteousness,' and then also, King of Salem, which is, King of Peace,)
Hbr 7:3 without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, and being made like to the Son of God, doth remain a priest continually.
Hbr 7:4 And see how great this one [is], to whom also a tenth Abraham the patriarch did give out of the best of the spoils,
This King of Righteousness is someone great. He has no genealogy and no beginning or end. He is a priest forever. He is like unto the Son of God.
Hbr 7:15 And it is yet more abundantly most evident, if according to the similitude of Melchisedek there doth arise another priest,
Hbr 7:16 who came not according to the law of a fleshly command, but according to the power of an endless life,
Hbr 7:17 for He doth testify -- `Thou art a priest -- to the age, according to the order of Melchisedek;'
Here the writer of Hebrews quotes Psalms 110 that David's Lord will be after the order of Melchizedek. What is not completely clear is who was Melchizedek? It can be argued that Yeshua is after the order of Melchizedek but was Melchizedek a theophany of God? Was he the angel of the LORD? Was he the pre-incarnate Son of God? His attributes certainly can fill all three of the questions.
God the Father, God the Son, and God the Spirit will be dealt with in Part 3.
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